Adolescent dating abuse perpetrator
Adolescents who are maltreated and become involved in the child welfare system are at risk for being revictimized by romantic partners. To better understand how to prevent revictimization among this high-risk group, NIJ funded a study to evaluate the effectiveness of two prevention curriculums.
The study focused on girls because they sometimes face more serious consequences of dating violence (e.g., injuries, pregnancy) than boys do., Participants included 176 adolescent girls involved in child welfare services.
In one rigorous NIJ-funded study, school-level interventions in 30 New York City public middle schools reduced dating violence by up to 50 percent.Researchers evaluated dating violence and sexual harassment interventions by randomly assigning classes to receive: Youth exposed to domestic violence are at greater risk for being both a victim and the perpetrator of dating violence.
Classroom-level interventions were delivered in six sessions, using a curriculum emphasizing the consequences for perpetrators, state laws and penalties, the construction of gender roles, and healthy relationships.
The study suggests that high-risk girls can successfully participate in and benefit from relational programming. Final report submitted to the National Institute of Justice, grant number 2008-MU-MU-0010, October 2011, NCJ 236175. Michael Bowling, "Assessing the Effects of Families for Safe Dates, a Family-Based Teen Dating Abuse Prevention Program," 51 (March 2012): 349-356.[note 5] Coker, Ann L., Robert E.
Read an abstract and access the final report [note 1] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [note 3] Ehrensaft, Miriam K., Patricia Cohen, Jocelyn Brown, Elizabeth Smailes, Henian Chen, and Jeffrey G. "Intergenerational Transmission of Partner Violence: A 20-Year Prospective Study," 71 (August 2003): 741-753.
To be eligible, women had to have been victims of domestic violence but no longer living with their partners and to have a child 12 to 15 years old.
Miller-Johnson, S., Gorman-Smith, D., Sullivan, T., Orpinas, P., Simon, T. Journal fo Clinical Child and Adoelscent Psychology, 38(4), 538 - 550.
Parent and Peer Predictors of Physical Dating Violence Perpetration in Early Adolescence: Tests of Moderation and Gender Differences.
This is an ideal time to promote healthy relationships and prevent patterns of relationship violence that can last into adulthood.Studies investigating the effectiveness of programs to prevent dating violence are beginning to show positive results.
Most programs focus on changing knowledge, attitudes and behaviors linked with dating violence while focusing on the skills needed to build healthy relationships.Youth exposed to domestic violence are at increased risk to be both a victim and perpetrator of dating violence. Yet we currently have no violence intervention protocols for this vulnerable group.